Gullfoss (Golden Falls) is the greatest in mass waterfall in the country. The most popular falls in Iceland is also the biggest one in Europe.
Gullfoss Waterfall is located in the canyon of the Hvita River, in the Haukadalur Valley, in the south of Iceland. The average amount of water running through Gullfoss is 109 cu. m/sec. (3,850 cu. ft/sec.) and 130 cu. m/sec. (4,590 cu ft/sec.) in the summertime. When high flood happens, the amount greatly increases (the largest flow measured was 2000 cu. m/sec. or 70,630 cu. ft/sec.).
The depth to the point of water fall in the valley is about 70 metres (230 feet). Water flows down in two stages of 11 and 22 metres (36 and 72 feet) in height to the canyon of 2.5 kilometres (1.55 miles) in length. This canyon appeared at the end of the Ice Age as a result of high waves and becomes 25 cm (10 in) longer every year.
Golden Falls is one of the most visited tourist places. Tourists love the two-stage Gullfoss and traditionally take photos with the waterfall in the background. When the sun is shining, that happens rarely, you can see a rainbow through the huge splashes.
Some time ago, they wanted to sell this area to foreign investors to generate electricity. However, the state of Iceland bought it and declared the national heritage.
Gullfoss Waterfall is a trademark of Iceland. It is depicted at one in three postcards. The guide book Lonely Planet has Gullfoss on the cover. Unlike the popularised falls of the United States, it is not the "tourist conveyor". If you wish to look into the abyss, you need to reach the top of the cliff by yourself.
The waterfall is steeped in legends, one of which has it that there are treasury in the cave safely hidden by the water flow.
Thingvellir National Park is located in southwestern Iceland. In 1928, it was declared a national park and is one of the most frequently visited tourist sites in the country. In the last few decades, research has made it clear that the history and biological diversity of Thingvellir meet the criteria for inclusion on the list of UNESCO World Herita...
Haukadalur Valley lies in the south of the country, to the north of Lake Laugarvatn and is situated in the Golden Ring of Iceland. There are many geysers in the valley. The most famous of them is Geysir (sometimes known as The Great Geysir) itself, which gave other hot springs of the planet its name. Geysir stopped erupting in the beginning of the ...
Seljalandsfoss Waterfall is very picturesque and the most popular one in the south of Iceland, therefore its photo can be found in many books and calendars.
This waterfall of the river Seljalandsa drops 60 metres (196.85 feet) over the cliffs of the former coastline. A deep shift behind the waterfall makes it possible to go there and look at Sel...